Universidade e o ecossistema de inovação: revisão estruturada de literatura

Gustavo Canaver Pedrinho, Danielly Nunes de Carvalho, Clarissa Stefani Teixeira, Álvaro Guillermo Rojas Lezana

Resumo


As universidades estão tornando-se atores cada vez mais ativos nos ambientes de inovação, agregando valor aos processos de desenvolvimento regional e apoiando a importância do conhecimento no ecossistema de inovação, assim, gerando inovação a partir do conhecimento. Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a literatura científica sobre o tema universidade e o ecossistema de inovação nos últimos anos. A pesquisa é classificada como descritiva e exploratória. O processo de seleção da coleção de artigos para análise resultou em 34 artigos em consonância com o tema de pesquisa nas bases de dados Web of Science e Scopus. A análise bibliométrica identificou que os artigos foram escritos por 92 autores e coautores, publicados em 30 periódicos no período de 2006 a 2018 em 22 países, 62 instituições de ensino e, apresentam um conjunto de 69 palavras-chave. Conclui-se através da análise de conteúdo que as universidades, assumiram um papel mais empreendedor como atores centrais dentro dos ecossistemas de inovação, resultando em novas e diversas oportunidades. Os estudos selecionados mostraram que a colaboração universidade-indústria é a dimensão mais importante de um ecossistema de inovação. No entanto, a literatura também aponta que deve haver maior interação entre governo, indústria e universidades dentro de um contexto inovador. Portanto, isto aponta a necessidade de estudos como este que exploram o papel das universidades no ecossistema de inovação.


Palavras-chave


Universidade. Ecossistema de Inovação. Revisão de Literatura.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22279/navus.2020.v10.p01-23.955

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